Global Warming Is A Serious Issue

Global warming is a serious issue and far too big a subject to cover in detail here and after all, we admit to not being leading experts on the subject. So in common sense terms, publicly available based information and in ‘overview’ format, here are some quotations and topics to research further if you wish – or at least reflect upon.

Stated facts here are all in the public domain and are easily searched and verified.

The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) states the concentration of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in the Earth’s atmosphere increased at a record rate during 2016 and was caused by a combination of human activity and a major El Niño event. Globally, CO2 concentrations averaged 403.3 parts per million (ppm) in 2016, up from 400.00 ppm in 2015.

Mr Petteri Taalas, Secretary General of the WMO has stated “We have to change our behaviour in the coming 10-20 years. So far, we haven’t been ambitious enough”

Professor Dave Reay, Climate Scientist of the University of Edinburgh said “Global warming causes wind and weather patterns to change and sea temperatures are now the highest ever recorded”.

In its’ annual review, the United Nations (UN), reports pledges made by the members of the ‘Paris accord’ to reduce carbon emissions, now fall alarmingly short of the need to keep global warming below 2 degrees C or 1.5C by 2030. So far, the pledges amount to one third of the needed carbon emissions cuts to achieve the (maximum) 2 degree C target by 2030. The agreement must be re-evaluated with increased ambitions by signatories of the accord, by 2020.

The report states that the worlds 100 largest emitting publically traded companies are responsible for 25% of global greenhouse emissions and that the private sector and cities are not doing enough to combat the problem.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has set maximum limit levels of pollution at 10 micrograms of toxic particles per cubic metre of air. The WHOs’ database tracks tiny particles of Particulate Matter (PM) PM2.5. PM2.5 embeds deep into our lungs when we inhale it.

PM varies in the width/diameter or – size. PM2.5 means the mass per cubic metre of air of particles with a size/diameter generally less than 2.5 micrometres (µm).

Particulate matter of 2.5 micrometres in size, is one 400th of a millimetre. PM2.5 is also known as ‘fine particulate’.

Particulate matter (including soot) is released during the combustion of both solid and liquid fuels for power and heating generation – and in vehicle engines.

Inhalation of particulate pollution can have multiple and hostile health impacts and it is believed there is no safe minimum threshold below which no adverse effects may be expected.  The biggest impact of particulate air pollution on public health is thought to be from long-term exposure to PM2.5 which increases the age-specific mortality risk, especially from cardiovascular causes.

Exposure to high concentrations of PM i.e. during short-term high pollution episodes can also aggravate lung and heart conditions, drastically affecting quality of life and contributes to case increases of deaths and hospital admissions.

 

WHO and The Royal College of Physicians have published air pollution readings from many UK towns and cities – here are some ‘DANGER ZONES’ – (Remember, 10 is the maximum WHO set limit)….

Toxic particles

Mg per M3            Town/City

10 …………….. Newcastle upon Tyne, Chesterfield, Stoke on Trent, Reading.

11 …………….. Middlesbrough, Birkenhead, Birmingham, Southend on Sea, Brighton.

12 …………….. Carlisle, Liverpool, York, Hull, Nottingham, Swansea, Plymouth.

13 …………….. Wigan, Manchester, Norwich, Leamington Spa, Bristol.

14 …………….. Warrington, Cardiff, Port Talbot, Oxford, Thurrock.

15 …………….. Salford, Leeds, London, Southampton, Eastbourne.

16 …………….. Glasgow & Scunthorpe.

 

More and more frequently, we see Mother Nature sometimes quietly and increasingly violently, changing. Bigger and bigger events, year on year involving storms, floods, droughts, melting polar regions, rising sea levels, bushfires, heat waves and rising acidic levels in the seas, killing coral reefs and wildlife.

While the President of the United States, Donald Trump publically refuses to acknowledge the anthropogenic (human effect) contribution to Climate Change, scientific evidence proves him to be seriously mistaken.

“The Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), supported by the United Nations, concluded there’s a more than 95 percent probability that human activities over the past 50 years have warmed our planet. Contributions to the study came from 1,300 independent scientific experts from different countries around the world”.
https://climate.nasa.gov/causes/.

For all the ‘green credentials’ claimed by Governments, Organisations and individuals, human caused greenhouse gases are nonetheless, higher now than ever before – the Industrial Revolution, London smog, two world wars and everything else in human global history included!

Human influenced greenhouse gases are today the highest in history.

While you might think air pollution just disappears into thin air, like Mr Trump, you too are mistaken. It doesn’t all disappear – much of it stays in the atmosphere blocking heat from leaving our Planet and our environment is warming up because of it.

The natural process of airborne CO2 land and sea sink (soaking up by land, trees and the sea etc.) is way too slow to keep up with the volume of CO2 we humans pump into the atmosphere – especially with deforestation compounding the problem even more.

It is suggested human activity emits about 36+ billion tonnes of Carbon dioxide each year. Of that, some 16+ billion tonnes (about 44+%) of the total CO2 is the excess that is not soaked up and remains in the atmosphere.

Cities that employ Congestion (C) and Toxicity (T) zone charges make you pay to enter the zone – yes, the charges deter more vehicles from entering the zones (especially now with the T charge for older vehicles in London) and for that reason, they reduce zone air pollution, but it doesn’t reduce any vehicle emissions that do – or don’t – enter the zone – absolutely none at all. Congestion charges may lower zone traffic volume, but doesn’t lower zone entering vehicle emissions.

E3 PLUS nanotechnology won’t solve all of these problems by itself, however, our solutions can equate to a fuel saving of 4% to 10+%. As a direct result, this reduces consequential exhaust emissions including CO2 and PM so it can help, especially where it’s rolled out in volume.

Though we should, we can’t just scrap all fossil fuelled engines around the world right now – it’ll take some time, many years in fact, so we have to find other ways to slow down the damage we are doing to our world in the here and now.

For all the up to date technology that is applied to modern motor vehicles, there are still serious shortcomings meaning we have historically and still today, progressively continue to pollute the atmosphere with them and burn up Earths’ limited oil resources. (Even some of the greatest names in the motor industry have recently been exposed and successfully prosecuted for falsifying emissions output figures of their vehicles).

We all hear endless reports and research findings about air pollution from Health Authorities and Government agencies and others worldwide, proving the fact. One statement though, stands out among the many. Researchers have published in the ‘Lancet medical journal’ that 40,000 deaths a year in the UK are linked to toxic air.

Air pollution levels in 43 of our largest towns and cities are so high, they breach global safety limits. Doctor Toby Hillman of the Royal College of Physicians said “We know the effects of poor air quality run from the cradle to the grave. It’s a lifetime threat to human health”. Millions of Britons are exposed to heart and lung disease the report says.

The study report, backed by 26 groups, including the Royal College of Physicians and the University College of London stated “The world has seen a 46% global increase in weather related disasters in the last 17 years (since 2000) and although the UK has not yet seen too much effect from global warming – UK heat waves are linked to the deaths of some 3,000 people”.

Of course there are tools and measures in place and more being brought about and implemented in an effort to reduce emissions. Most contribute to solving the overall problem but there is no single and immediate ‘silver bullet’. Some of these initiatives will take years and multiple decades to come into effect.

For all the ‘lower emissions’ modern vehicles, serious, toxic and poisonous air pollution problems still exist – and in great measure all around the world – and it kills people either directly – or indirectly!!

The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) for example, have said they will end the sale of all diesel and petrol cars in the UK (note; “cars” – not any other vehicle types) by 2040. 2040? – that’s over 20 years from now!! As stated earlier, CO2 concentrations averaged 403.3 parts per million (ppm) in 2016, up from 400.00 ppm in 2015. We don’t dare try to estimate or calculate where CO2 concentrations will be in 2040 – given the current rate of growth. DEFRA is also planning to publish a ‘clean air’ strategy in 2018 with a £3 billion budget.

So how can E3 PLUS nanotechnology help with this?

We know E3 Plus won’t solve this enormous problem by itself, but a 4% to 10+% fuel consumption reduction in as many of your hydrocarbon fuelled engines as you can muster will help – especially if lots of fleet operators (like you) sign up to E3 PLUS. The time has come to act, it’s not just about what others and the authorities do to address Global warming – it’s about what WE ALL do – and NOW!!

Many of us hardly notice the gradual and declining effect fuel degradation has on our vehicle performance, MPG, our pockets and especially emissions and therefore the environment. But – when that problem is removed, the difference can be quite vivid.

When E3 PLUS nanotechnology contacts with the fuel (Diesel, Petrol, etc.), it safely reverses and prevents degradation, by restructuring the fuel molecules back to their original refined state so they burn and vaporise quicker, more completely and cleaner in the combustion process. This is how E3 PLUS reduces fuel consumption and emissions.

 E3 PLUS products are guaranteed to function for 5 years and are completely maintenance free.

It’s a great shame that many fleet manufacturers and operators ignore opportunities like this or wait for ‘others to try it first’.  Maybe due to the fear of ‘something going wrong’ – or that ‘it’s new and/or unknown’ to them – and/or they simply ‘can’t be bothered’ to learn more – or ‘don’t have the time’ and ‘Oh, we don’t use after market products with our vehicles, it’s policy – or just plain old fashioned scepticism (the killer of innovation). What absolute mindless rubbish – surprising when it can increase profit, how quickly attitudes change!!

Unfortunately, some still wait for their contemporaries forge ahead and follow in the wake of these trailblazing industry leaders and visionaries, to retrospectively pick up their share of increased profits when the hard work is done!

How little do they realise or acknowledge the advantage their competitors have over them and how much fuel degradation can cost them financially – and the rest of us environmentally!

It’s therefore hardly surprising that nearly all the fleet users of our technology want keep it confidential, so their fuel saving advantage is not shared with their competitors. That’s why we don’t ‘name names’ of those using our products – they simply don’t want us to.

Our mission is to educate fleet operators and change outdated, stagnant attitudes and ideas. Nanotechnology solutions are the future and the sooner the world wakes up to that fact, the better. E3 PLUS should be applied to as many internal combustion engines as possible to maximise fuel efficiency, reliability and reduce emissions, thus, saving the operators fuel costs in the process. It really is a ‘no brainer’.

New and revolutionary nanotechnology based solutions and applications are on the site (please see ‘News and ‘Products’) and even more are in the pipeline – so please sign up for news and notifications through our social media links.

Thank you for reading our blog – we hope you are inspired to reduce the fuel consumption and cost of your fleet and equipment and target emissions, so helping the environment.